National park, nestling in the lower southern reaches of the satpuda hills is named after Pench river, meandering through the
park from north to south. It is located on the southern boundary
of Madhya Pradesh, bordering Maharashtra, in the districts of
Seoni and Chhindwara.Pench National Park, comprising of 758 SQ
Kms, out of which a core area of 299 sq km of Indira
Priyadarshini Pench National Park and the Mowgli Pench Sanctuary
and remaining 464 sq km of pench national park is the buffer
The area of the present tiger reserve has a glorious history. A
description of its natural wealth and richness occurs in
Ain-i-Akbari. Pench Tiger Reserve and its neighbourhood is the
original setting of Rudyard Kipling's most famous work, The
Forests and Wildlife
The undulating topography supports a mosaic of vegetation
ranging from moist, sheltered valleys to open, dry deciduous
forest. Over 1200 species of plants have been recorded from the
area including several rare and endangered plants as well as
plants of ethno-botanical importance.
The area has always been rich in wildlife. It is dominated by
fairly open canopy, mixed forests with considerable shrub cover
and open grassy patches. The high habitat heterogeneity favours
high population of Chital and Sambar. Pench tiger reserve has
highest density of herbivores in India (90.3 animals per sq km).
The area is especially famous for large herds of Gaur (Indian
Bison), Cheetal, Sambar, Nilgai, Wild Dog and Wild Pig. The key
predator is the Tiger followed by Leopard, Wild Dog and Wolf.
Other animals include Sloth Bear, Chousingha, Chinkara, Barking
Deer, Jackal, Fox, Palm Civet, Small Indian Civet, Jungle Cat,
Hyena, Porcupine etc.
There are over 285 species of resident and migratory birds
including the Malabar Pied Hornbill, Indian Pitta, Osprey,
Grey-headed Fishing Eagle, White-eyed Buzzard, etc. In winter
thousands of migratory waterfowl including Brahmini Duck,
Pochards, Barheaded Geese, Coots, etc visit the tanks and the
Pench reservoir within the Park.
Pench Tiger Reserve is also among the best areas for bird
watching. Four species of the now endangered vultures white-rumped,
longbilled, white scavenger and king vulture can be seen in good
numbers in the Reserve. The other fauna present include 50
species of fishes, 10 amphibians, 30 reptiles, 45 butterflies,
54 moths and numerous other insects